A pioneer for the past 200 years, ESCP Europe can be proud of a large number of innovations that have been successfully adopted all over the world. Today it is the only pan-European school, with six campuses in Berlin, London Madrid, Paris, Turin and Warsaw and an associated campus in Luxembourg.
2019 is an opportunity to recall that this innovative spirit is embedded in his genes. To do this, it is necessary to go back to the creation of the school in 1819, which made it the first management school in the world still in operation. Now let's have a look back at the recipes for such a long life!
#1The Foundations of
a Pioneer School (1819-1869)
In 1819, a private company of a special kind is established: one of the very first business schools in the world is created, which is now the oldest business school in the world, was created.
During this seminal period, the school builds on original choices that will constitute the pillars of the school's innovative orientations deployed from the 1970s onwards:
- A bold policy of international openness (more than 20% of foreign students, as early as 1827-1828), with educational content addressing international issues (three foreign languages taught from 1823 on - study tours in Europe from 1826-1827 on), a true feat in France in the post- Napoleonic wars context!
- In addition to management science and technology, students study law and political economy, or applied sciences (chemistry). ESCP Europe's multicultural and multidisciplinary model is already emerging;
- A location at the heart of an economic capital (Hôtel des Fermes, then Hôtel de Sully, in Paris);
This early phase is shaped by its builders: entrepreneurs such as Germain Legret and Amédée Brodart, or scholars, such as economist Jean-Baptiste Say, theorist of the concept of entrepreneurship, merchant Vital Roux (contributor to the conception of the French Commercial Code and promoter of a pedagogy oriented towards practical teaching), and economist Adolphe Blanqui (owner and director of the school for 24 years).
Contributor to the French Commercial Code in 1807.
Regent of @BanqueDeFrance. #Co-founder of @ESCPEurope
Chairholder at the Collège de France in Paris. Inventor of the concept (and French word) #Entrepreneur.Co-founder of @ESCPEurope with fellows Vital Roux, Amédée Brodard et Germain Legret
#2Consolidation andmaturity (1869-1969)
Over the century covered between 1869 and 1969, under the auspices of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the school is reinforced and reaches maturity. Both its resilience and adaptability are proven, with on the one hand a significant expansion of programmes and enrolments (from a few dozen students in the 1820s to 250 at the end of the 19th century, and to nearly a thousand in the 1970s), and on the other hand enhanced selectivity and increased academic requirements from the 1920s onwards:
- State recognition of education in 1890.
- Establishment of the first specialisation sections, a legacy of the "Comptoirs" (trading posts) invented in the early years of the school: maritime section (1905), colonial section (1913), hotel section (1916), trade representation section (1917), etc.
- Mandatory competitive entrance exam in 1926.
- Promotion to the status of higher education establishment in 1947, an essential step towards the gradual transformation into a Grande École de commerce.
- Creation of the alumni association and the student union in 1950.
- Integration of IT and a language laboratory in the 1960s.
During this turbulent century, on all of the three occasions when the city of Paris was hit by armed conflicts, the school premises are transformed to accommodate the war wounded (in 1870, 1914-1918, and 1939-1945) - twice in the buildings on Avenue de la République.
#3The reinventedbusiness school (1969-2019)
When the school gains its autonomy in 1969 by leaving the ESCAE network, the pace isset for the school to gradually reinvent its business model, based on the values and academic principles that have been transmitted to it since 1819.
The new integrated European campus model results from the actuation of a 150-year-old intuition, as an answer to budding economic globalisation.
This transformation takes place in a context of intensification and enlargement of the European Union.
Four milestones mark the progress of reinventing the new European school model: 1969, 1973, 1999, and 2009:
- 1969: creation of a dedicated permanent Faculty. creation of the student association Tribunes ESCP.
- 1973: on 8 October 1973, the "École des Affaires de Paris" (named "l'École Européenne des Affaires" from 1982 on) is created, where students follow an international curriculum alternating semesters in major European capitals (London from 1974 on, Düsseldorf from 1975 (campus transferred to Berlin in 1985). 1973 is also the year when the school becomes accessible to women (Joëlle Le Vourch is the first female student in 1973).
- 1999: merger of ESCP and EAP.
- 2009: creation of ESCP Europe, campus network expansion is intensified with the opening of the Turin campus in 2004 and the Warsaw campus in 2015.
- 2018: ESCP Europe becomes independent from the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The launching of the European Bachelor's degree is lauched, anchoring the school in the European LMD model, triggering strong growth. The student population doubles in 4 years.
In two centuries, the world has changed: the political economics classes taught at the beginning now side with humanities-oriented courses, and applied sciences in a laboratory have given way to coding and big data. However, it is still the entrepreneurial vision of the founders that prevails today, as shown, for example, by the European success of the Blue Factory, the school's incubator present on all the school's campuses!
From a unique History...
Discovering 200 fascinating years
On European Heritage Day, an exceptional conference with Faculty experts and historians to discover the History of a unique Business School and the people behind it.
...to an exciting Future
A Unique European Festival: Designing Tomorrow's Business
A never-seen-before European Tour to think on the nature and place of business and companies in the world of tomorrow. Faculty, business leaders, experts, politicians and artists will interact.
At the heart of the questions that will mark this reflection are the following challenges:
- Business and Science: technical and technological opportunities (including digital, AI, biotech...)
- Business and the City: social and environmental impact
- Business and the Person: the issues related to the question of individual and collective meaningfulness.
Bicentenary Talks for 55,000 Alumni
Meeting and co-creating with an impactful Faculty
The school's research professors will visit the campuses in the spring and fall of 2019 to meet Alumni. This will be an opportunity to return to school and relive highlights with ESCP Europe's iconic teachers and new talent.
Galas and Parties
Living the magic with the ESCP Europe Community"
A large number of prestigious events will mark the bicentenary year on the various campuses and will be hosted by the entire ESCP Europe community: members of the Foundation, Students and Alumni in exceptional locations.
14 January 2019
18 January 2019
7 February 2019
8 March 2019
7 June 2019
21 June 2019
20 September 2019
A year of surprises
Throughout the year, some webseries to get inspired from great leaders
- Blogs on Historical ESCP Europe characters
- 12 videos of Faculty experts sharing their vision of tomorrow's stakes
- 24 videos of Students and Alumni illustrating through their path and career the values of ESCP Europe: Excellence, Singularity, Creativity and Excellence
And much more...
The innovative and dynamic ESCP Europe community will celebrate our 200 years during our classics!
- The "Regatta" in Italy, a major nautical competition
- A research symposium on the history of companies and management in Paris ( 11-13 September 2019 )
- The release of the Bicentenary stamp
- Europe Day, organised by the student society Tribunes on the future of Europe
Programme content and schedule are subject to change.